|“My words are sharia, my path is tariqa, my state is haqiqa.”
“Sharia is the root, tariqa is the branch, but haqiqa is the fruit”
At the time being 367 sufi groups are registered around the world. But along with this only 12 tariqas exist:
- Suhrawardiyya – this tariqa takes its origin from Diya al-din Abu ‘n-Najib as-Suhrawardi (1097-1168). Still the order itself was founded by his nephew Shahabuddin Suhrawardi (1145-1234). The order’s centre is located in Baghdad, Iraq. This tariqa is most widespread in India.
- Rifa’iyya – the founder is Ahmad bin Ali ar-Rifai (1106-1182), his resting place is located in the village of Umm ‘Ubayda, in Iraq. The order’s centre is located in Bataih, Iraq.
- Qadiriyya – the founder is Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (1077 -1166). The Memorial complex at Abd al-Qadir’s resting place is in Baghdad, Iraq is considered to be the central ribat and residence of the silsila head of the brotherhood.
- Kubrawiyya – the founder is Najmuddin Kubra (1145-1221), the centre is in Khiva (Khwarezm), the tomb of the saint is in Urgench, in vicinity of Khwarezm.
- Yasawiya – the founder is Ahmad bin Ibrahim bin Ali Yasawi (died in 1166), the centre is located in Turkestan. The dargah at the resting place of Yasawi is in Turkestan, in Kazakhstan.
- Mavlaviya – the founder is Mevlana Jalaluddin Rumi (1207 -1273), the centre and the shrine at the resting place is located in the city of Konya, Turkey.
- Naqshbandiya – the founder is Muhammad Bahauddin Naqshbandi (1318-1389), the dargah at his resting place and the tekke are located in Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
- Chishtiya – the founder is Moinuddin Hasan Chishty (1142-1236), the order’s centre and the dargah at the resting place is located in Ajmer, India.
- Nimatullahi – the order’s founder is Nureddin Nematullah (1330-1431), the order’s centre is located in Mahan, in vicinity of Kerman, Iran.
- Bektashi – the order’s founder is Haji Bektash Veli (1209 – 1335), the dargah and the ribat of the Bektashis are located in Hacıbektaş, Turkey.
- Halvatiya – the order’s founder is Umar al-Khalvati (ум. 1397). He died in Ceaseria, Syria. The order’s centres initially were located in Shirvan.
- Shaziliya – the tariqa ascends to Abu’l Hasan ash-Shazili (1197-1258), its centres originally appeared in Egypt and later on spreaded around Maghrib countries, where the tariqa is still being followed by some orders.